This is the translation of the article originally published in Russian, which is available at https://www.if24.ru/moskva-sobiraet-innovatsii-v-megaklaster
The Moscow authorities are preoccupied with the thought that innovations lack cooperation. The developed business, startups, science and research institutes are on their own, despite the fact that there are more than 25 technoparks in Moscow. There is a proposition to unite them in one place — innovative productive cluster. According to the officials, the cluster will induce the operational links between the technological race participants, who aim to create competitive products able to compete on the international markets.
The idea of a Moscow supercluster, which has been actively promoted by Sergey Sobyanin (Mayor of Moscow) since April, is supported by the President of Russia, the Ministry of Industry and Trade and, finally, the Ministry of Economic Development. The Innovative Productive Cluster creation presidential order has been drafted, it has been approved by all the ministries and the government. Supposedly, the cluster’s ‘operator’ is going to be a special fund, established by the town council, while the cluster’s expert council will be comprised of the Russian Science Academy’s head, Kurchatovskiy Institute president, MSU rector as well as the Moscow mayor, president’s aides and heads of the government-owned corporations.
Simultaneously with drafting the legal basis, supercluster is being filled with concepts and ideas. By autumn (and what’s more likely before the Moscow mayor elections) the main conception will have been finalized (Moscow’s Higher School of Economics is responsible for this). The conception’s drafters are guided by the experience of Zhongguancun — the Chinese Silicon Valley — situated in Beijing and bringing together 20,000 high-tech companies, with 600,000 people working there. Zhongguancun is currently bringing in a quarter of the Beijing economy.
According to the Moscow officials’ idea, high-tech startups, business incubators, technoparks and universities should be united virtually. As noted by Evgeniy Kutsenko, head of the HSE Russian cluster observatory, an IT platform will be created (which will be administered by the country itself), where all the cluster members will be able to see their potential partners, learn about their tools and products, and receive instruments to automatize business processes and financial support (grants or venture funding). In August a number of expert discussions with business and innovative environment representatives took place, on August 16 the scientific circles joined in.
Experts believe that innovative clusters development program already creates comfortable conditions for the Russian specialists and entrepreneurs to develop and apply the technologies of the future from any spheres (economical or social) from production of insulin to nanosatellites. Konstantin Ordov, Moscow University of Economics financial management department’s professor, notes that in the last few years from more than 100 clusters, a few are clearly the world leaders, which are able to create products of the highest quality.
‘It is obviously expedient to use those examples; however, it is impossible to do so manually, the pace doesn’t match. Therefore, the Innovative productive cluster, which can be more accurately called a platform of idea promotion, should significantly reduce the number of barriers for private businesses willing to join the governmental program. Because today we are talking about the goods production for 2 trillion rubles per year in total,’ underlines Konstantin Ordov.
Russia aspires to be one of the leaders of the 4th technological revolution. It is of utmost importance here to move to numbers and apply innovative technologies in industries and public administration.
‘It’s the easiest to use the Moscow example: there are more than 20,000 enterprises working there — 725 R&D organizations, more than 12,000 IT companies, more than 1,200 large high-tech companies, more than 300 innovative companies created in the Moscow’s universities, 134 coworkings and so on. If we just avail ourselves of this enormous resource, transforming it into an organic system, then growth rates will be much higher,’ believes a Russian entrepreneur, venture investor and Universa Blockchain founder Alexander Borodich.
According to Alexander, for numbers to start materialize in business and industries, they need to apply their own production in their businesses.
‘It is important for all the industries to integrate on all levels so that technological and business ideas could be implemented much more quickly. This is simple logic — if there’s a system where I could find all the production processes parties and seamlessly find suppliers, staff, means of promotion and many others.’
At the same time, the experts supporting the overall cluster idea, urge to define where the innovation cycle starts: with a fundamental research or with applying in the current technological chain. This is of great importance for the fundamental science representatives and trend forming, where the results of scientists’ research can find its demand.
Moscow gathers innovations to create a megacluster. was originally published in UniversaBlockchain on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.